SPICE Published in the Journal Cytometry

SPICE was published in the Wiley journal Cytometry on January 7, 2011 and is listed on the Vaccine Research Center’s list of 2011 publications.

SPICE: Exploration and analysis of post-cytometric complex multivariate datasets

Mario Roederer, Joshua L. Nozzi, Martha X. Nason


DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.21015


Polychromatic flow cytometry results in complex, multivariate datasets. To date, tools for the aggregate analysis of these datasets across multiple specimens grouped by different categorical variables, such as demographic information, have not been optimized. Often, the exploration of such datasets is accomplished by visualization of patterns with pie charts or bar charts, without easy access to statistical comparisons of measurements that comprise multiple components. Here we report on algorithms and a graphical interface we developed for these purposes. In particular, we discuss thresholding necessary for accurate representation of data in pie charts, the implications for display and comparison of normalized versus unnormalized data, and the effects of averaging when samples with significant background noise are present. Finally, we define a statistic for the nonparametric comparison of complex distributions to test for difference between groups of samples based on multi-component measurements. While originally developed to support the analysis of T cell functional profiles, these techniques are amenable to a broad range of datatypes. Published 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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SPICE Web Site

SPICE is a product of NIH/NIAID and is hosted here: http://exon.niaid.nih.gov/spice